As a Colorado resident facing workplace discrimination based on race or color, understanding legal recourse is pivotal. This blog post navigates the application of Title 7 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to workers and employers in Colorado, shedding light on protective measures against race and color discrimination.
Understanding Title 7
Title 7 is a federal law preventing employers from discriminating based on several basis, including race and color. It covers entities with 15 or more employees. Title 7 explicitly prohibits discriminatory job advertisements and ensures that employment recruiting agencies refrain from biased practices. It covers all aspects of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, benefits, etc.
Discrimination can manifest in two forms: disparate treatment and disparate impact. Importantly, Title 7 also forbids retaliation against those who report discrimination.
Application to Colorado workers and employers
Colorado workers are subject to both federal and state anti-discrimination laws. In addition to Title 7, Colorado has its own law—the Anti-Discrimination Act. CADA, applicable to employers with 2 or more employees (except for marital status discrimination, requiring 25 or more), encompasses a broader range of categories, including disability, creed, age, and sexual orientation.
Workers facing race or color discrimination can file complaints with either the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or the Colorado Civil Rights Division. The agencies collaborate under work-sharing agreements, allowing information exchange and cooperation.
Under Title 7, you only have 180 days to file your discrimination complaint after the last discriminatory act occurs. Following this, the agency investigates, seeking resolution through mediation or conciliation. If reasonable cause is found, the agency negotiates with the employer. If settlement attempts fail, the agency may initiate a lawsuit or issue a right-to-sue letter for the worker to file a personal lawsuit.
Title 7 stands as a robust shield, defending Colorado residents against race and color discrimination in the workplace. If you believe you are a victim of such discrimination, vindicating your rights immediately is crucial.